Identity (ID) theft happens when someone steals your personal information to commit fraud.
The identity thief may use your information to apply for credit, file taxes, or get medical services. These acts can damage your credit status, and cost you time and money to restore your good name.
Warning signs of Identity Theft
You may not know that you’re the victim of ID theft immediately. You could be a victim if you receive:
Potential Victims of ID Theft
Children and seniors are both vulnerable to ID theft. Child ID theft may go undetected for many years. Victims may not know until they’re adults, applying for their own loans.
Seniors often share their personal information with doctors and caregivers. The number of people and offices that access seniors’ information put them at risk.
Type of ID Theft
There are several common types of identity theft that can affect you:
Keep these tips in mind to protect yourself from identity theft:
Report ID Theft Online To Get A Recovery Plan
If you report identity theft to the FTC online, you will receive an identity theft report and a recovery plan. Create an account on the website to:
Update your recovery plan
Track your progress
Receive prefilled form letters to send to creditors
If you don’t create an account, you won’t be able to access the report or letters later. Download the FTC’s publication for detailed tips, checklists, and sample letters.
If you report identity theft by phone, the FTC will collect the details of your situation. But it won’t give you an ID theft report or recovery plan.
When To Report ID Theft To The Police
You may choose to report your identity theft to your local police station. It could be necessary if:
You know the identity thief
The thief used your name in an interaction with the police
A creditor or another company requires you to provide a police report.
Report Specific Types of Identity Theft
You may also report specific types of identity theft to other federal agencies.
Medical Identity Theft – Contact Medicare’s fraud office, if you have Medicare.
Tax Identity Theft – Report tax ID theft to the Internal Revenue Service.
Report Identity Theft to other Organizations
You can also report the theft to other organizations, such as:
Credit Reporting Agencies – Contact one of the three major credit reporting agencies to place fraud alerts or freezes on your accounts. Also get copies of your credit reports, to be sure that no one has already tried to get unauthorized credit accounts with your personal information. Confirm that the credit reporting agency will alert the other two credit reporting agencies.
National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center– Report cases of identity theft due to a stay in a nursing home or long-term care facility.
Financial Institutions – Contact the fraud department at your bank, credit card issuers and any other places where you have accounts.
Retailers and Other Companies – Report the crime to companies where the identity thief opened credit accounts or even applied for jobs.
State Attorney General Offices – Your state’s attorney general might offer tips, checklists, or an advocate to help you recover from identity theft. These resources don’t replace filing an ID theft report with the FTC.
You may need to get new personal records or identification cards if you’re the victim of ID theft.
Medical identity theft happens when someone uses your name, Social Security number, insurance plan number, or other personal information to get:
Report Medical Identity Theft
Report the theft online at IdentityTheft.gov or by phone at 1-877-438-4338 (TTY: 1-866-653-4261). Also, report it to your health insurer’s fraud department.
If you suspect that you have been the victim of Medicare fraud, contact the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Inspector General at 1-800-447-8477.
Prevent Medical Identity Theft
Take these steps to prevent medical identity theft:
Information and more from USA.gov https://www.usa.gov/identity-theft